of Art Inspire New Poarch Creek Indian Coins
works of art inspired the designs for the 2005 coins issued
by the Poarch Creek Nation of Indians, sculpted by Alex Shagin.
The first silver dollar is based on an 1836 painting by George
Catlin that was a gift of Mrs. Joseph Harrison, Jr. to the
Smithsonian American Art Museum. Catlin found Tchow-ee-pu-o-kaw
of particular interest because her dress did not reflect the
colorful Creek dress of the 1830s, which was based on European
fashion, but seemed to hark back to earlier times. Her necklace
of silver disks may have been a trade item.
second silver dollar issued by the Creek Indians features
Chief Menawa, as originally painted by Charles Bird King when
Menawa visited Washington, D.C. in 1826 to protest the Treaty
of Indian Springs. King was employed by the U.S. War Department
to paint the Indian delegates visiting Washington, D.C. Sadly
this, along with most of Byrd’s original oil paintings,
were lost in a fire at the Smithsonian Institution. But fortunately,
a copper plate was engraved based on the original painting
for McKenney & Hall’s Indian Tribes of North America,
Rice & Hart, Philadelphia, published in1858.
Menawa, also known as Great Warrior, was a military leader
of the people. Like many of the Creek leaders of his era,
he was of mixed Scottish and American Indian ancestry. He
was born about 1765 at the village of Oakfuskee located on
or near the Tallapoosa River.
During the Creek War he was one of the principle leaders of
the "Red Sticks" or Upper Creeks, who went to war
against the United States during the War of 1812. Menewa was
second in command at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend at the end
of the Creek War. He was wounded seven time during the battle,
but he escaped and survived his wounds.
Menawa was a member of the Creek National Council that went
to Washington in 1826 to oppose this treaty. The Creek leaders
signed the Treaty of Washington (1826), which nullified the
Treaty of Indian Springs. In this new treaty, the Creek ceeded
land to Georgia—in compensation they received an immediate
payment of $217,660 and a perpetual annuity of $20,000. Menewa
died during the general removal of the Creek. His burial place
The 2005 Five Dollar gold coin issued by the Sovereign Nation
of Poarch Creek Indians features Chief Hopothle Mico and George
Washington, commemorating their meeting in New York in 1790.
Mico was called the “Talassee King of the Creeks”
by artist John Trumbull, who sketched him from life. Perhaps
he is the same man, identified as “Tallessee Mico,”
who made his x mark on June 29, 1796 on a Treaty With The
Creeks: A treaty of peace and friendship made and concluded
between the President of the United States of America, on
the one Part, and Behalf of the said States, area the undersigned
Kings, Chiefs and Warriors of the Creek Nation of Indians,
on the Part of the said Nation.
Editions of the these 2005 Poarch Creek Indian coins are limited
to 20,000 each of the Brilliant Uncirculated Tchow-ee-pu-o-kaw
and Chief Menawa Silver Dollars issued at $19.95, 10,000 each
of the Proof Silver Dollars at $39.95, and 2,500 of the Proof
Chief Hopothle Mico and George Washington Five Dollar gold
coins at $195. They are available from PandaAmerica, 3460
Torrance Blvd., Suite 100, Torrance, CA 90503; for credit
card orders call (800) 472-6327. Add $5.50 per order for shipping.
Limited quantities of the first year of issue 2004 Poarch
Creek Indian coins are still available.
here to shop for these coins